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The Grapes of Wrath Allusion-Oversoul


The Philosophical Joads
Steinbeck and Nature's Self
Moral and Anagogical
Literary elements

The soul of mankind unites all as one spiritual collective bond where everyone works as one, but when one individual leaves that unified group, he/she becomes lost, unsuccessful, and ultimately suffers unhappiness.

pg 151- "Sometimes I think I might. But I know I won't," he said. "I know perfectly well the las' minute I'd run an' hide like a damn ol' graveyard ghos'." Noah said, "You gonna die out in the fiel' some day, Muley." "I know. I thought about that. Sometimes it seems pretty lonely, an' sometimes it seems all right, an' sometimes it seems good. It don't make no difference. But if ya come acrost my folks-that's really what I come to say-if ya come on any my folks in California, tell 'em I'm well. Tell 'em I'm doin' all right. Don't let on I'm livin' this way. Tell 'em I'll come to 'em soon's I git the money." Muley's pride and stubborness of his hometown gets in the way of staying with his family when they move to California. Muley becomes a graveyard ghost, who spends his time alone and running from the owners. He breaks away from the soul of the family, and only ends up with his pride to show for his success.
pg 223- "Joads and Wilsons crawled westward as a unit."
pg 300- Pa called, "Good-by Mister and Mis' Wilson." There was no answer from the tent. Tom started the engine and the truck lumbered away. And as they crawled up the rough road toward Needles and the highway, Ma looked back. Wilson stood in front of his tent, staring after them, and his hat was in his hand. The sun fell full on his face. Ma waved her hand at him, but he did not respond.
The Wilson's break away from there unit with Joads because they feel they are too much of a burden upon the Joads. However, since they leave the Joads, Sairy ends up dying, which leaves Ivy alone on his own.
pg 570-"Goes,'Two are better than one, because they have a good reward for their labor. For if they fall, the one will lif' up his fellow, but woe to him that is alone when he falleth, for he hath not another to help him up.' That's part of her."  "Go on," Ma said. "Go on, Tom."  "Jus' a little bit more. 'Again, if two lie together, then they have heat: but how can one be warm alone? And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him, and a three-fold cord is not quickly broken.'" This is the point in the story where Tom is about to leave the family, and right before he leaves, he recollects an event where Casy had described to him the meaning of the big soul. Tom also realizes something very important, he says, "But I know now a fella ain't no good alone." Tom understands the power of the group, over the power of the individual. He soon develops a plan to overthrow the power of the richer class, with the greater power of the soul of the starving farmers.

However, there may be an instance where one individual leaves the group, which inevitably rottens the whole bunch.
pg 285- Granma called imperiously, "Will! Will! You come here, Will." And her eyes opened and she looked fiercely about. "Tol' him to come right here," she said. "I'll catch him. I'll take the hair off'n him." She closed her eyes and roller her head back and forth and muttered thickly. Ma fanned with the cardboard.
Since Granpa died, Granma's health has been deteriorating, and Ma has been caring for her endlessly because she doesn't want to see the family fall apart. However, her endless care takes a toll on her, and her ability to hold the family together diminishes.
pg 535 Tom said, "Sure. Casy said, 'You got no right to starve people.' An' then this heavy fella called him a red son-of-a-bitch. An Casy says, 'You don' know what you're a-doin'.' An' then this guy smashed 'im." Since Casy sacrifices himself for the benefit of the people, Tom becomes enraged and kills the Casy's murderer. Since Tom has violated his parole, he has to leave the family so he doesn't endanger them, but again this rottens the family because Tom was there "leader", and now there power as a group is dying.