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The Grapes of Wrath Allusion-Oversoul

Literary elements

The Philosophical Joads
Steinbeck and Nature's Self
Moral and Anagogical
Literary elements

    While trying to understand the author's theme of a certain literary work, the importance can be found partially within the author's use of literary elements to convey a certain idea. Steinbeck organizes these elements in order to further enhance his theme and create certain allusions as is demonstrated in the Grapes of Wrath.

Perhaps one of Steinbeck's most often used literary element is Imagery- which helps to convey the author's main idea while providing examples of "grapes of wrath" as well as a relationship between the turtle shell and the grapes. 
  " the food must rot, must be forced to the souls of the people, the grapes of wrath are filling and growing heavy, growing heavy for vintage" (Steinbeck 477)
 the turtle shell relates to the grapes since both are quantities composed of collective individual parts which make up one whole- (the Oversoul). This relates to the Oversoul since the soul holds all together- it is made up of individuals who strive to become one part of a Universal Soul. 
Diction further enhances the allusion of the Oversoul due to the fact that it demonstrates a certain sociatal shift from the old "I" to the new "We".
         "I have a little food plus I have none" becomes "We have little food and we have none" (The Philosophical Joads by Frederic Carpenter).
Tone- Steinbeck's use of tone demonstrates the allusion of the Oversoul throughout Steinbeck's extensive theory on societal unity and the established belief of the all mighty creator, or the Eternal One, being in control.
" maybe thats the Holy Sperit..the human spirit..the whole shebang. Maybe all men got one big soul everybody;s part of..." (the Philosophical Joads)
Language is undefinable, unmeasurable.. we know that all spiritual being is in man. We know that all spiritual being is in man. A wise old proverb says, "God comes to see us without bell" that is there is no bar or wall in the soul where man, the effect, ceases...we lie open on one side to the deeps of spiritual nature, to the attributes of God.. " (Emerson, The Oversoul).


Airplane Taking Off

The Oversoul is symbolic of reaching into the Holy Spirit which can be found in Heaven (hence the airplane departing into the sky)